This edition of London Essays looks at a new and fast-developing agenda in urban policy: the city after dark.
You could stay up all night in Paris or New York – but London’s licensing laws have for a long time ensured that most pubs shut at 11pm, and the Tube stopped running soon after.
But London is changing, with more liberal licensing laws, an impressive night bus service, and fewer restrictions on night-time deliveries to make more efficient use of jammed roads.
Boris Johnson successfully negotiated with the unions to bring in the Night Tube and Sadiq Khan has appointed London’s first Night Czar, the suitably named Amy Lamé. Digital technology is changing us from diurnal to nocturnal animals, making it easier to meet up, travel, or conjure up entertainment through the night.